Achieving compliance goals is no trivial matter for organizations that manage large amounts of intellectual property (IP). Compliance standards such as NIST SP 800-171, ISO 9001, and DFARS are among the standards organizations intend to, or are required to meet to ensure the highest level of security over their IP. Managing documentation needed to meet compliance certifications is no small feat, however, there are tools available that can reduce the number of arduous tasks required to meet the standards of both governmental and non-governmental agencies.
What is ISO Compliance?
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a non-governmental organization that spans the globe, with the end-goal of ensuring standards of quality, security, and efficiency of an organization’s products and services. ISO has created a certification to confirm their standards are met, however, this is not necessary for companies to be ISO-compliant. This is used to validate a company’s conformity to a set of standards, and those who adhere to these standards are considered to be ISO-compliant.
ISO 9001 is the international standard for quality management systems. A quality management system (QMS), similar to a document management system (DMS), is defined as a formalized system for managing documents, accountability, and records. These systems ensure companies are meeting the requirements of interested parties such as customers, shareholders, vendors, and other regulatory agencies by understanding their requirements and providing the detailed records and audit trails they need.
One of the foundational requirements of ISO 9001 is that its implementation should be based on a system of dynamic processes, rather than a set of static standards. For example, to meet ISO 9001 standards, organizations are required to manage the control of documents and records, create a means for corrective and preventative actions, and allow for internal audits for management of these documents and records within their quality management system. Organizations that are deemed ISO 9001 compliant should not only meet customer requirements but also exceed customer expectations by remaining effective and efficient through the use of their QMS.
What is NIST SP 800-171?
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce. NIST Laboratories conducts world-class research that intends to advance the U.S. technology infrastructure by outlining the best practices for technology service providers.
NIST SP 800-171 is a classification of the qualifications for non-federal computer systems. To be considered 800-171-compliant, organizations must follow these standards to ensure the highest level of security over intellectual property. Companies that aim to fulfill these requirements must follow the principle of “least privilege.” According to NIST SP 800-171, Rev. 1, “least privilege” is the principle that a security architecture should be designed so that each entity is granted the minimum system resources and authorizations the entity needs to perform its function. Organizations following this principle must also restrict the access privileges of authorized personnel to the minimum needed to perform their jobs.
Document Management Systems and Compliance
A document management system plays a critical role in ensuring an organization can meet compliance requirements. Document management systems serve as a library for intellectual property, and can even be used to control access to files, and employ the principle of “least privilege” at multiple levels. Additionally, a formalized document management system enables authorized users to keep audit trails of actions taken within the system while ensuring system administrators are made aware of who is accessing a particular document.
While a document management system can’t help an organization fulfill all compliance requirements outlined in ISO 9001, it plays a crucial role in fulfilling some of the agency’s most important requirements, such as access to records and documents and the management of audit trails. ISO 9001 certification is worn by many companies as a “badge of honor” to show partners and customers, often in the manufacturing industry and other similar areas. Many companies rely on document management systems to meet these certification goals.
eQuorum helps companies cover all fourteen security categories specified in NIST SP 800-171 through the use of ImageSite, eQuorum’s on-premise workflow and document management solution. Companies employ ImageSite to meet NIST compliance standards and ensure they are meeting the recommended security requirements for both themselves and their customers. Furthermore, eQuorum offers services, such as a “NIST Compliance Assessment” to help organizations understand where they stand in regards to meeting their requirements.